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Top 10 Agriculture Exporting Countries in the World

Top 10 Agriculture Exporting Countries in the World

Apart from access to safe drinking water, food is the primary issue of the majority of the world’s population. This makes agricultural activities one of the most vital economic activities on the planet, and one that is critical to the population’s safety and health.

Agriculture’s production and consumption are geographically diversified. Among the most significant elements affecting agricultural production in various countries are size of the population, environment, growing conditions, and the state’s financial development level.

Agriculture is a critical component of the global economy, particularly in underdeveloped countries. Agriculture is the main source of labor, income, and food, with agriculture meeting these basic needs worldwide. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that agriculture employs 67 percent of the world’s population. It accounted for 39.4 percent of GDP and 43 percent of total exports, which include agricultural items. We’re here with this post to provide you with all the information you need on the world’s top agricultural producers; stay tuned.

Numerous developing agricultural exporting countries rely on agricultural imports for food security, and many emerging economies will be unable to refine without a large increase in domestic production. It is clear that agriculture’s position in global economic development has advanced significantly during the previous few years.

Now, let us discuss the many forms of agricultural production.

Around 11% of the world’s land is utilized for agriculture, whereas around 26% is used for grazing animals. Agriculture produces four primary commodities: food, fuel, fiber, and raw materials. Take a look below at the top ten agricultural producing countries, complete with data.

Top 10 Agriculture Exporters in the World

The following are ten of the world’s best agricultural countries, generating the highest quality food commodities. Consider agriculturally producing countries.

1. China

China owns 7% of the world’s arable land and yet feeds 22% of the world’s people. China battled to feed its enormous population during the twentieth century. Following that, China’s agricultural policies and technologies were upgraded, resulting in significant self-sufficiency and growth. China’s top economic planning authority warns that such a commitment would be impossible to maintain.

China’s agriculture exports:

  • Agriculture occupies a sizable portion of China’s territory.
  • Vegetables are grown in China on roadways and on the exteriors of numerous buildings.
  • China lost 15% of its agricultural land in 1949, and just 10% to 15% of China’s land is suitable for agriculture now.
  • China irrigates 545,960 square kilometers of land.
  • China is the world’s largest rice producer. They grew soybeans, kaoliang (sorghum), wheat, millet, and corn using this method.

2. United States of America

The United States is renowned for its agricultural science and provides some of the world’s most advanced agricultural technology. It serves as a role model for many countries in the agriculture industry, and the US agriculture sector continues to grow at a rapid pace. This growth is further amplified by the adoption of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence in agriculture, which revolutionizes farming practices, enhances productivity, and optimizes resource management to meet the increasing demands of a growing population. The term “developing” in this context alludes to scientific soil and crop analyses, more inventive machinery, and more computer use. In a nutshell, the United States is the premier country in terms of agricultural technology.

In the United States, agriculture exports have the following outlook:

  • Agriculture in the United States increased by 5% year after 1990. Additionally, each farmed worker’s output grew by 0.84 percent each year.
  • The United States is the world’s largest producer of timber. Approximately 70% of the country’s woods are legally owned, with logging permitted on a limited basis.
  • The United States is a net agricultural commodity exporter. In 2007, the agriculture census determined that there were 2.2 million farms covering an agricultural area.
  • Corn was the largest crop in the United States, producing 247,882,000 metric tons. And the second largest crop is soybeans, which total 74,598,000 metric tons. And the third is wheat, which produced 69,327,000 metric tons.
  • Sugar cane, potatoes, coffee, sugar beets, and bananas are the primary crops grown in the United States.

3. Brazil

Brazil has historically been one of the strongest agricultural countries, relying heavily on agriculture to sustain its economy. Around 41% of Brazil’s total land area is devoted to agriculture. Brazil covers an area of 2.1 billion acres and over 867.4 million acres are devoted to agriculture. Initially, the country’s primary crop was sugarcane. Brazilians began farming approximately 12,000 years ago, cultivating a variety of crops including sweet potatoes, maize, peanuts, and tobacco, among others.

Brazil’s agriculture exports in a nutshell:

  • Brazil is the worldwide leader in sugarcane production, producing more than 600 million tons each year.
  • Brazil is the world’s second largest exporter of soybeans, and these beans are consumed in great quantities globally.
  • Brazil exports the most coffee, cattle, ethanol, and soybeans on the planet.
  • Approximately 7% of Brazil’s land area is devoted to crop cultivation, which includes soybeans.
  • Brazil produces 13 percent of the world’s oranges.

Brazil Exporters

4. India

Around 58 percent of Indians’ livelihood is derived from agriculture. According to recent data, agriculture is the principal source of income for half of the people, accounting for between 17% and 18% of their GDP. Additionally, India is the world’s top producer of the majority of fruits and vegetables, including bananas, guava, mango, lemon, papaya, and chickpea. India, too, produced spices such as ginger, pepper, and chili.

India’s agriculture exports:

  • India was the world leader in milk production, second in dry fruit output, third in fish production, fourth in egg production, and fifth in poultry production.
  • From 87 USD billion to 397 USD billion, Indian agriculture production expanded by 11 percent annually during the last 14 years.
  • India has a total irrigated area of 96 million hectares, the most in the world.
  • Indian agriculture is multifaceted, with livestock farming and gardening alone accounting for 60% of the country’s agriculture GDP.
  • India is the world’s greatest producer of wheat.

5. Russia

In Russia, 13% of farmland is devoted to sugar beet, wheat, and potatoes production. Rye, barley, oats, and maize are the cereals. These are Russia’s primary crops. Russia is mostly an industrial economy with a sizable farm sector. Agriculture accounts for around 6% of overall Russian GDP. As a result, agriculture in Russia accounts for 16% of total job opportunities.

Russia’s agriculture exports:

  • Russia cultivates almost 23 million hectares of land.
  • Grain agriculture accounts for approximately half of the farmed land area. It produces 70% of the country’s grain.
  • Wheat is Russia’s most important food crop.

6. France

France has over 730000 farms; approximately 7% of the population is employed in agriculture or closely related industries such as fisheries or forestry. Almost everyone in France is involved in farm-related activities, such as producing agricultural goods, which indicates that France’s population is overly reliant on agriculture.

France’s agriculture exports:

  • France is the leading producer of oilseeds, cereals, sugar beets, milk, wine, and meat throughout the European Union. In Frans, sugar beets produced about 29 million metric tons.
  • France is the world’s top exporter of alcoholic beverages and beverages, a figure that has increased by 6% in recent years.
  • A 12% increase in flour and grains and a 7% decline in meat and other animal products have been noted in recent years.
  • Agriculture’s actual income increased by 4% over the last year.

7. Mexico

Agriculture is critical to Mexico’s economy on both a historical and political level. Agriculture adds a negligible amount to Mexico’s GDP. Mexico previously produced avocados, beans, tomatoes, peppers, and maize, among other crops. Additionally, the country is well-known for its agricultural exports. Crop production is the primary element of Mexican agriculture, accounting for 12 percent of total output.

Mexico’s agriculture exports:

  • Wheat, sugarcane, peppers, corn, bananas, sorghum, blue agave, avocados, beans, and other tropical fruits are all major crops in Mexico.
  • They excel at exporting fruits, coffee, vegetables, and sugar.
  • Around 15% of Mexico’s land is devoted to agriculture, while around 50% is devoted to livestock.
  • Mexico produces a significant number of animals, which includes chickens, eggs, beef, and milk.

8. Japan

Agriculture provides only 2% to Japan’s GDP, while only 10% of the country’s population lives on farms. They are staunch supporters of traditional Japanese cuisine, which consists of rice and other foods such as grains, fish, vegetables, and mountain herbs. With a large population and an average farm size of 1.2 hectares (3 acres), Japan has developed concentrated cultivation. While rice consumption has decreased over the last 40 years, consumption of daily foods such as milk, other dairy products, and meat has increased significantly. This raises demand for upscale foods.

Japan’s agriculture exports:

  • In Japan, there are two distinct agricultural fields: siden and tambo.
  • The area under agriculture in Japan decreased from 6.09 million hectares in 1961 to 4.65 million hectares in 2006.
  • Approximately 200,000 hectares of land are idle in Japan, and rice production has declined by 20% in recent years.
  • Japan’s food self-sufficiency ratio decreased from 78 percent in 1961 to 39% in 2006. Japan’s government now wants to expand it to 50%.

9. Germany

Pork, poultry, potatoes, milk, cereals, beef, sugar beets, cabbages, barley, and wheat are Germany’s top agricultural products. Additionally, vegetables, fruits, and wine are grown in the majority of locations. Around 80% of the country’s territory is forested and agricultural. In 1997, family farms ruled the old western states. Around 87 percent of German farmers farm on land of 124 acres. In Germany, vineyards cover the southern and western reaches of river valleys. Germany’s agricultural goods vary by region.

Germany’s agriculture exports:

  • In Germany, 12 percent of the land is devoted to agriculture.
  • Plus 50% billion euros every year in agricultural items produced by the country’s 1 million residents.
  • Germany was the third largest exporter of agricultural goods in the world. Around 13% of German products are exported.
  • Around 10% of Germans practice organic farming.
  • Germany is the fourth largest beer manufacturer in the world.

10. Turkey

Agriculture is the predominant profession of the General population in Turkey, but industrial and service sectors are growing at a rapid pace. Turkey is the world’s only self-sufficient food producer. They benefit from favorable climate conditions, fertile soil, and abundant rainfall, which enable the cultivation of virtually any crop. Agriculture is practiced in practically every region of Turkey. Poultry farming is prevalent in mountainous places. This accounts for 14% of the entire farm production’s gross value. Wheat is the most cultivated grain in Turkey, followed by sugar beet, milk, and cows.

Turkey’s agriculture exports:

  • Turkey farms house over 100 million turkeys.
  • Agriculture accounted for around 19.2 percent of total employment in Turkey in 2018.
  • It is the world’s largest apricot, fig, raisins, and hazelnut producer.
  • Turkey ranks fourth in grape and vegetable production and sixth in tobacco production.

Agriculture is the primary occupation in the following countries:

We’ve highlighted three countries whose primary occupation is agriculture. Consider the following.

Liberia has a GDP of 76.9 percent; Somalia has a GDP of 60.2 percent; and Guinea-Bissau has a GDP of 55.8 percent.

What effect did COVID-19 have on agricultural exports?

The COVID-19 pandemic exemplifies how consumption habits can shift during times of distress. For example, demand for pineapple decreased (-5 percent in value terms in the first four months of 2020 compared to the same period the previous year) as a result of the measures limiting and closing establishments affecting sales channels such as HORECA (Hotels, Restaurants, and Catering), which accounts for a sizable portion of exports.

However, sales have decreased less in other nations, such as the United States, due to continued demand in the retail channel. It is critical to understand the types of items that consumers desire in international markets in terms of quality, taste, and price.

These obstacles must be examined prior to exporting. Agricultural producers should prioritize strategic planning and training that enables them to make business decisions focused on satisfying customers and international demand, differentiating themselves from competitors, stimulating innovation in products, channels, and organizational structure, and other critical areas. in the era after COVID-19.

What is the most often used method of payment for agricultural exports?

When negotiating the method of payment, the parties’ honesty and integrity are considered, in order to negotiate the most acceptable method of payment that enables the item to be delivered without incident. Direct transfer of money is the most common method of payment in the agriculture sector.

This is a dangerous alternative for exporters, as it relies on the buyer’s and seller’s confidence. Unlike what happens with a letter of credit, which is regarded a safer choice but is sometimes overlooked due to interbank commissions.

When conducting international negotiations, it is critical that they have an international sales contract in place that specifies the terms of payment, the quality and quantity of merchandise, the existence of an arbitration clause (if possible), and the distribution of shipping charges, among other things.

Additionally, export credit insurance is advised in accordance with the negotiated parties, as it guarantees repayment of a percentage of any losses that exporters may incur as a result of a buyer’s failure to pay in full or in part.

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